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LESSON 8

OCTOBER 22, 2017

Scripture Lesson Text

 

II SAM. 7:1 And it came to pass, when the king sat in his house, and the LORD had given him rest round about from all his enemies;

2 That the king said unto Nathan the prophet, See now, I dwell in an house of cedar, but the ark of God dwelleth within curtains.

3 And Na’than said to the king, Go, do all that is in thine heart; for the LORD is with thee.

4 And it came to pass that night, that the word of the LORD came unto Na’than, saying,

5 Go and tell my servant Da’vid, Thus saith the LORD, Shalt thou build me an house for me to dwell in?

6 Whereas I have not dwelt in any house since the time that I brought up the children of ls’ra-el out of E’gypt, even to this day, but have walked in a tent and in a tabernacle.

8 Now therefore so shalt thou say unto my servant Da’vid, Thus saith the LORD of hosts, I took thee from the sheepcote, from following the sheep, to be ruler over my people, over ls’ra-el:

9 And I was with thee whithersoever thou wentest, and have cut off all thine enemies out of thy sight, and have made thee a great name, like unto the name of the great men that are in the earth.

10 Moreover I will appoint a place for my people Is’ra-el, and will plant them, that they may dwell in a place of their own, and move no more; neither shall the children of wickedness afflict them any more, as beforetime.

12 And when thy days be fulfilled, and thou shalt sleep with thy fathers, I will set up thy seed after thee, which shall proceed out of thy bowels, and I will establish his kingdom.

13 He shall build an house for my name, and I will stablish the throne of his kingdom for ever

14 I will be his father, and he shall be my son. If he commit iniquity, I will chasten him with the rod of men, and with the stripes of the children of men:

15 But my mercy shall not depart away from him, as I tookit from Saul, whom I put away before thee.

16 And thine house and thy kingdom shall be established for ever before thee: thy throne shall be established for ever.

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God’s Covenant with David

Lesson: II Samuel 7:1-6, 8-10, 12-16

Read: II Samuel 7:1-16; Psalm 89:1 -52

TIME: about 1000 B.C. PLACE: Jerusalem

GOLDEN TEXT—”Thine house and thy kingdom shall be established for ever before thee: thy throne shall be established for ever” (II Samuel 7:16).

 

Lesson Exposition

 

PROPOSAL RENDERED—II Sam. 7:1-3 Rest from enemies (II Sam. 7:1). After becoming king over the entire nation, David had the necessary resources to completely subjugate the Philistines (II Sam. 5:1 7-25). Now free from both internal and external military threats, David could concentrate on national affairs that did not involve warfare.

Ruler’s request (II Sam. 7:2-3). As king, David had a fine palace in which to reside. This is the first time Nathan the prophet is mentioned in the Bible. As a court prophet, his primary role was to give spiritual advice to the king, as Samuel did to Saul.

As David thought about his own comfort and prosperity, he was stricken with the thought that the tabernacle was only a tent. David believed that a more permanent structure should be erected for the ark, an object that represented the very presence of God among His people. With this, Nathan agreed. As we sometimes do, Nathan assumed that he knew the will of the Lord. As it turned out, though, the prophet spoke too quickly in his words of agreement with the king.

PLAN REJECTED—11 Sam. 7:4-6

Revelation from God (II Sam. 7:4-5). Although Nathan had given David the go-ahead concerning the proposed temple, a revelation in the night altered that plan immediately. While the message came to Nathan, it was really for David, the king—a word from God Himself.

Review of history (II Sam. 7:6). While God dwells in heaven (cf. Acts 7:45-50; 17:24), His earthly presence to Israel was manifested in the tabernacle and particularly above the ark of the covenant. Hence, God spoke in the first person with regard to dwelling in the tabernacle.

The tabernacle was constructed in the wilderness, long before the nation entered the Promised Land. When Israel broke camp, the tabernacle was disassembled and taken with them. Even after entering Canaan, the tabernacle continued to be the central place of worship, and God had not asked for a house to be built for it (Cf. II Sam. 7:7).

PAST REVIEWED—II Sam. 7:8-10 David blessed (II Sam. 7:8-9). Concerning David himself, God had blessed him in many ways. First, the

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Lord had taken him from relative obscurity, “from following the sheep” (II Sam. 7:8) to becoming “ruler over [the Lord’s] people.”

In addition to his initial anointing, God had blessed David by giving him victory over all his enemies. This included not only the Philistines and other foreign invaders but domestic foes as well.

Because of David’s reputation as a military hero, his name became great. In later Judaism, David is extolled as one of the greatest heroes.

Israel blessed (II Sam. 7:10). God promised David that unlike the patriarchs and those led by Moses in the wilderness, Israel will no longer be on the move. Nor will “the children of wickedness afflict them anymore.” This promise ultimately looks to future blessing under the rule of Christ.

PROMISES REHEARSED—II Sam. 7:12-16

Kingdom established (II Sam. 7:12-13), David would reign as king for many years to come, but there would come a time when he would die. David’s ‘house” (vs. 11) would not end with his death, however. One coming from his own body would rule after him. While David had many sons, the reference here is to Solomon, the king who would construct the temple in Jerusalem. As we will see, however, God’s promises to David extended far beyond Solomon and his day.

Chastisement threatened (II Sam. 7:14-15). Solomon, the son of David, was given special promises concerning his relationship to Yahweh.

Like so many people, Solomon did not always follow the wisdom readily available to him. So the promise made to David about his heir’s being chastened for sin would eventually come to pass.

In spite of all this, God promised David that his heir would receive mercy and that his end would not be as disastrous as that of David’s predecessor, King Saul.

Dynasty assured (II Sam. 7:16). The promise here is often referred to as the Davidic covenant. It built upon the original covenant made with Abraham and his descendants. “Four elements made up this agreement: (1) the promise of a dynasty; (2) the promise of a kingdom to rule over, including land and people; (3) the promise of regal authority; (4) the promise that this house, ruling over this kingdom, would endure forever”.

That Jesus was the long-awaited King in the Davidic line is clear from the message Gabriel gave to Mary (Luke 1:32-33).

QUESTIONS

  1. Who was Nathan? What role did he play in David’s royal court?
  2. What concerned David at this time?
  3. Why did Nathan agree with David before consulting God?
  4. What did the Lord remind David of concerning His dwelling place in the past?
  5. What did the Lord remind David of concerning his own background?
  6. What would become of David’s kingdom after his death?
  7. Who actually built the temple David wanted to construct?
  8. How would David’s son be treated differently from David’s predecessor? How did David’s son fare as king of Israel?
  9. What was the Davidic covenant?
  10. What did this covenant envision for the future?

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